Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory and recurrent skin disorder that affects the life cycle of skin cells. The cause of psoriasis is not known, but it is believed to have a genetic component. Currently, there is no complete cure for psoriasis. However, there are many treatment options that can provide good control of psoriasis, including phototherapy, oral and injectable medication. Each treatment has advantages and disadvantages, and what works for one patient may not be effective for another. If you have concerns regarding psoriasis, book an appointment with us to find out more.
- Basal cell carcinoma: is the most common type of skin cancer found on the head, scalp, neck, chest, forearm and hands as a small, red, dome shaped or pearly looking nodule. It is a type of skin cancer that if left untreated, the lesion often begin to bleed, crust over, heal, and repeat the cycle, and can extend below the skin to the bone and nerves, causing considerable local tissue damage
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma: the second most common skin cancer diagnosed in the United States. Again, it is primarily found in fair-skinned people than in dark-skinned populations. Typically location included the rim of the ear, the face, scalp, lips, and mouth. Cancer may appear as a red scaly bump or patch, or as a red patch with ulceration. SCC can develop into large masses, become invasive and metastasized to other parts of the body. Therefore, early detection and treatment is important. When found early and treated properly, the cure rate for both basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas is over 95 percent.
- Melanoma: Malignant Melanoma is rare compare to BCC and SCC but the most deadly of all skin cancers. Excessive and cumulative sun exposure, especially severe sunburn, is the single most important preventable cause of melanoma. Melanoma may appear suddenly or begin in or near an existing mole, or dark spot in the skin. It is important to self-observe, know the location and appearance of the moles on the body to detect changes early. Any changing mole must be examined by a dermatologist. Early melanoma can be removed while still in the curable stage.
What to look for and how:
- Asymmetry – One half does not match the other half
- Border – The edges are notched or ragged.
- Color – Varied shades of tan, black and brown
- Diameter – Greater than 6 millimeters
- Evolving – Change in size, shape or shade